|Government Enterprise Architecture Framework|
Enterprise Architecture (EA) describes how organizational, information and technology structures support the strategy and operations of organizations. In the context of government enterprises – a coordinated set of activity areas involving one or more public organizations and possibly third-party entities from private organizations or civil society, an EA provides technical descriptions of the organizational goals, business and administrative processes, information requirements, supporting applications and technology infrastructure of the enterprise. These descriptions are typically captured in the form of models, diagrams, narratives, etc. A Government Enterprise Architecture (GEA) may be associated with a single agency or span functional areas transcending several organizational boundaries, e.g. health care, financial management and social welfare.
Reasons for developing enterprise architectures in government include:
There is increasing awareness on the importance of EA as most of the leading countries in e-government have well established EA programs. Presently, there are EA maturity models with defined relations to well known e-Government Maturity stages. The increasing popularity of EA practices by governments in both developed and developing countries is indicated by the different global surveys on EA.
Despite the popularity of the EA practice in the private sector and increasingly in the government, the EA discipline is relatively new, lacking foundational theories and models and characterized by multiplicity of frameworks and reference models; even lacking an agreement on the definition and scope of the subject matter. From the earlier orientation of EA as a technological optimization or standardization concern, EA has gradually evolved to a management practice with stronger emphasis placed on the organizational-IT alignment.
However, there are mixed results in terms of outcomes from EA initiatives. In general, demonstrating concrete benefits from EA program has been challenging for many organizations. This difficulty is attributed to lack of metrics for EA initiatives. Notwithstanding, a number of successful EA initiatives have been reported by some governments, particularly, in Canada and the US. Unfortunately, comparing and analyzing these EA initiatives and cases is difficult in the absence of assessment frameworks, techniques and tools.
The project aims to provide policy guidelines for the development of Government Enterprise Architecture Frameworks (GEAFs), establish concrete requirements for such a framework in Macao, and provide recommendations on how elements of a Macao GEAF (MGEAF) could be built from existing Government EA Frameworks, Reference Models, Methods, and Modeling Framework. The project will also provide an example of agency-specific EA based on the recommended Macao framework.